Stonehenge is a giant circle of stone megaliths found near Salisbury, England. Stonehenge is thought by many to have its origins in ancient druidic societies. This monumental circle of stone monoliths was constructed between 4,000 and 5,000 years ago by an unknown civilization. It is one of the most famous prehistoric monuments in the world.
Stonehenge consists of a broken ring of standing stones with a smaller ring of stones inside, and was once surrounded by earthworks. Stonehenge is located among many other Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in the same area, including hundreds of ancient burial mounds. Many mysteries surround Stonehenge, and theories abound about its use and the ancient civilization that constructed it.
Here is a great overview of new Stonehenge discoveries and what these new discoveries reveal about it’s history:
Stonehendge is found at Latitude 51d 4’ North, Longitude 1d 48’ West. On the longest day of the year (the Summer Solstice), the rays of the rising sun appear directly over the top of one of the primary stone megaliths, creating a shadow that extends directly through the center of the five pairs of pillar stones topped with another. There are other alignments with moon and stars that have been noted by archeoastronomers as well.
The monolithic stone circle at the site of Stonehenge may not be the earliest use of that site by ancient civilizations. New discoveries regarding Stonehenge history show that just nearby (in fact, in the location that is now the parking lot for Stonehenge visitors) is another archaeological site from thousands of years prior to the erection of the giant stones. Recent research has suggested that the area was a sacred place used in the worship of the sun, moon and stars as far back as 8000 BC (the Middle Stone Age).
Research suggests that the inner circle of “bluestones” may have been raised on the site as long as 1,000 years before the larger stones of the outer circle. Archaeological evidence shows that the site may have begun as a burial ground for ancient civilizations even before the first stones were erected there.
sources: stonehenge wikipedia